Making cuttings is one of the essential gardening techniques — a more than popular practice that allows us to propagate a particular plant. However, despite the apparent ease, how to make cuttings successfully has its crumb. Or, rather, their tricks. Some essential for us to enjoy that multiplication of our plant comes to fruition. And it is that not all plants admit to making cuttings, and they are not even made in the same way according to the type of plant species.
At first, glance, making cuttings is to cut a stem from one plant to get another exactly the same. So far, the theory. The practice is very different since even the cut determines the success of our future plant. But it is not the only thing that influences its good evolution. In addition, there are other decisive aspects that we do not usually consider, such as the time of year or where we transplant our plant project.
Because of the weight that all these details have and as usual it is to make cuttings, today we want to see in detail what is the best way to carry them out. A mini-guide of tips that will allow you to reproduce your plants without frights.
1. WHEN TO MAKE CHECKS, A CRUCIAL ASPECT
Although we may believe that any time of the year is good for cuttings, it is not so. To be able to root properly, these plant bits need mild temperatures and a certain degree of humidity. One aspect, the latter, fundamental since only thanks to this, can generate root without dehydration.
Added, we must contemplate that it is essential to make cuttings in times of vegetative growth. Taking advantage of that natural cycle of the plant allows us to encourage the plant to grow and generate new leaves or roots in a simple way.
For all these reasons, there are two start times of the year to make cuttings: spring and autumn. And, coincidentally, this last season coincides with the pruning time of some plants. A fantastic opportunity to take advantage of them as future new plants.
2. WHAT DO WE NEED TO MAKE SCHOOLS
An aspect for nothing secondary, and that we have to plan in two aspects: with what to cut and where to plant.
Let’s start with the first: by choosing pruning tools. In the case of plant species with soft or slightly woody stems, we will need a hand pruning shears. Fundamental: make it thin and sharp. This is important since the idea is to do the least possible damage to the mother plant. As vital as the tool we use is conveniently clean, to avoid any disease. If our intention is to make shrub or small tree cuttings, we will need a rigid pruning saw.
Understood with what to do the cut, let’s see what we need to take care of our cutting. Although some plants can be grown in a glass to take root, the idea is to place our cuttings in a seedbed or coconut fiber pots. But, even more important than the container is what kind of substrate we use. Since the cuttings need moisture, the ideal is to opt for black peat or a substrate for seedbeds. In the case of cuttings of woody plants such as the rose bush, we will plant them directly on the ground.
Nor does it hurt to have rooting hormones or opt for a substrate that includes them. Thanks to them, the chances of prospering from our cutting will grow exponentially.
3. HOW TO MAKE CHECKS CORRECTLY
Before launching cuttings, it is essential to know a little more about the plant. Although it may seem secondary, it is not. There are plant species that do not support propagation by cuttings, and knowing this will prevent us from taking the trouble to see that our future plant does not prosper. Before launching to cut without ton or are, let’s see some examples of the plants that lend themselves more to make cuttings. And what is more important: the ideal way to do it in each case.
- Pothos, begonia, house joy or geranium: the ideal is to cut a stem and place it in a glass of water until it takes root
- Money plant, lavender, rosemary or basil: they need a moist and rich substrate to root properly
- Rosales, hibiscus, and hydrangea: take advantage of the pruned branch of autumn, and plant directly in the soil
How to make a cut
Once discovered, if the plant admits or does not make cuttings, it is time to take action. And we must not cut without more, but do a small observation exercise to choose the best possible candidate.
Ideally, take advantage of a tender stem that we see healthy and flexible. One that was born this season that is in fullness, also that does not exceed 30 centimeters. These dimensions also depend on the plant species from which we want to make cuttings. In the case of shrubs and small plants, a branch of between five and 10 centimeters will suffice.
To cut, the idea is to prune at the base of the yolk and diagonally. It is important that our cut is as clean as possible to avoid damaging the rest of the plant. It is also important to cut bevel at the top of the branch or stem. In this way, our little piece of the plant will have no intention of growing and will concentrate all its energy on creating roots.
How to grow the cuttings
If the species we want to propagate is grown in water, it is simple. Day after day, we can see their evolution and see how their roots are born. However, most of the cuttings will demand a different treatment, and it is in those particular cases that we will emphasize.
- Planting cuttings in seedlings: it is essential to prepare the seedlings with the above-mentioned substrate, making it a good drainage hole. It is important not to weigh the earth: if it is aerated, it will favor the oxygenation of future roots. If we use a rooting product, the idea is to cover the base of the stem before introducing it into the soil. With the sowing prepared, place in a shady place and water as if it were a fine rain
- Direct planting cuttings in soil: in the case of these plants, such as roses and hydrangeas, it is essential to use a rooting product. Only then will we get them to take root. The ideal is to pre-condition the planting place and make the hole in which we will include our piece of plant with a stick or a thin cylinder. It is important to water later, and do it when we see that the surface of the earth is dry.
Regardless of the type of planting, there is another important trick to make cuttings. And it is quite logical. Before planting them, we will remove all the lower leaves of the stem and the flower buds if they exist. In this way, our future plant can save energy for the growth of its roots.