ECHINOCACTUS GRUSONII, THE MOTHER-IN-LAW’S SEAT
One of the most popular cacti is the Echinocactus grusonii, commonly known as Hedgehog Cactus or Mother-in-Law’s Assignment, which is originally from Mexico. Although it is one of the most cultivated succulent plants in the world, it is in danger of extinction in its natural habitat.
He is the faithful representative of the thorn cacti.
It has a barrel shape and has very marked areolas, a very bright green hue, and very prominent ribs. Their thorns are robust, round, and can present a yellow or reddish color.
The hedgehog cactus blooms in summer.
One of the reasons for its popularity is its low maintenance. Like almost all crass plants, Echinocactus grusonii will not require much care to survive. What you should know is the following:
- It needs to be located in a very sunny space (it is a desert plant). The usual thing is to place it on terraces, balconies, and in the garden.
- It does not survive frost.
- It prefers soils formed by leaf mulch and coarse sand.
- It can be planted in a pot or directly in the garden soil (location co exterior).
- Irrigation will depend on the weather and the season. In summer it will be enough with 1 or 2 times a week, the rest of the year every 15 days and in winter it is best to do it once a month.
- It is multiplied by seeds.
OPUNTIA FICUS-INDICA, THE PRICKLY PEAR
This shrubby plant of the Cactaceae family is native to America, but it is naturalized in the Mediterranean Basin and the regions of North Africa.
The prickly pear is a cactus-shaped cactus that can reach 4 meters high, and the same in width! It snowballs and produces flat, bluish-green, and spineless culinarian segments.
Like most varieties of this genus, it lacks homophilic leaves. That is, it does not have the regular sheets of a plant. The prickly pear presents two kinds of thorns. Some are hard and long, and the others thin and with hairs.
It blooms once a year and develops crown-shaped flowers.
Ts fruit has a thick and spiny shell, and the pulp has numerous seeds. When it matures, it becomes an oval berry that can reach about 10 centimeters.
This cactus needs full sun.
Its best substrate is one that has an acceptable condition and, above all, that has good drainage because excess water can cause rot of this plant. If you are interested, you can multiply it by cuttings.
It can be planted in a pot or directly outside your home (the garden).
SCHLUMBERGERA TRUNCATE, THE CHRISTMAS CACTUS
The Christmas cactus, as its name tells us, is one of the most common species during winter. Originally from the tropical regions of Brazil, this species stands out for its ornamental uses.
It is a coarse plant, evergreen, flattened, and with flowers that can vary in colors between white, pink, red, or purple. Its stems hang by flat items that fork several times as the cactus grows.
This foliage has a jagged contour and has no spines.
The Christmas cactus blooms spectacularly during the winter, hence its name.
And its cultivation?
Well, this succulent plant develops in shady or semi-shaded areas, so it is considered a shadow plant. If you provide a few hours of light, its flowering will be more spectacular. It needs some environmental humidity and grows better in cold places.
Unlike other vegetation, during the winter, this cactus does not have a rest period.
And its irrigation? Being a cactus of tropical origin, it should be watered more than others, but always ensuring that the substrate is not flooded. The ideal substrate is one that is formed by sand and peat.
It is multiplied by cuttings, grafts, or seeds.
MAMMILLARIA FRAILEANA, THE CACTUS WITH PINK FLOWERS
The Mammillaria fraileana is a native cactus of Mexico. Its unique appearance makes it a plant of great ornamental interest, perfect for decorating gardens and interior spaces.
It is a perennial and fleshy species (accumulates water and nutrients in its leaves/stem). It has a cylindrical shape, with purple hue pulling reddish and usually forms small cushions.
It can reach about 15 centimeters.
Its areolas, unlike other cacti, do not contain latex. They measure several centimeters and have spines. The sides are like needles, soft and white, about 8 millimeters in length. However, the plants are long and brown.
The malaria blooms in spring.
Its flowers are bell-shaped, pink and have tinted sepals. The fruit they produce is red, and inside, it keeps a black seed.
This cactus needs a lot of light to grow, temperatures that do not fall below 10⁰ (remember, it is native to Mexico), and a cool location.
Watering is necessary when the substrate is dry. During the hottest seasons, it should be watered at least once a week. However, in winter or autumn, once a month is enough. It is important to note that if temperatures decrease considerably, it is better to have arid land.
It does not tolerate waterlogging.
THE PERFECT TOOLS TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR CACTUS
When caring for cacti in your garden and your home, there will be tools that you can use to speed up the process and, above all, to avoid problems or damage to the plant. Therefore, below, we will recommend some products that can be very useful for the maintenance of your cacti.
- Gardener Trowel
- Transplant Palette