You will agree with us that if there is vegetation that is currently in fashion, this is the cactus. Well, who doesn’t have one of these plants at home, in the garden or the office?
And, even if it isn’t, we are sure that the specialty stores or garden centers in your city will have one at the door or in the shop window.
But why so much popularity?
The answer is straightforward: its ease of cultivation, its low maintenance, and a large number of varieties and types available. Their characteristics have turned these succulent plants into a mass phenomenon.
Given its enormous importance in decoration (both interior and exterior), in Husqvarna, we have not wanted to miss the opportunity to talk to you about these unique plants.
If you continue reading, you will discover the most critical characteristics of cacti, the types that exist, and the most common varieties. Surely when you finish reading, you want to go to a store to buy one of these plants.
Let’s go with it!
WHAT ARE CACTI AND WHAT ARE THEIR CHARACTERISTICS?
Cacti make up the family of succulent plants called Cactaceae. These species, as good coarse they are, are characterized by accumulating water and nutrients in their tissues, so they can adapt without problem to the habitat in which they are found.
Thanks to this, they can survive in the dry and arid terrain.
Most cacti defend these water reserves at all costs and do so by developing thorns. And, although it may seem that these plants are all the same (at least in appearance), nothing is further from reality.
There are many types and varieties of cactus.
And what is its appearance? Well, in general, the body is made up of a stem, a green, and thickened structure due to the development of prevailing underlying tissues.
There are 3 primary stem forms:
- Columnar: columnar cacti stand out for having one or several cylindrical stems that grow erect (erect). They are the ones that attract the most attention and may or may not be divided (by the base, half or above). Depending on its division, the plant is called baritone, mesotone, or acrotone (sub-types).
- Claudio: it is the flattened stem, shaped like a racket. The genus that represents them is the Opuntia cactus.
- Globose: rounded, barrel-shaped. They are one of the most popular because they do not take up too much space and, also, there is an excellent variety of them. The most common genera are Echinocactus or Mammillaria.
These crass plants have an areola, that is, a plant structure that is located on the podarios (the dilated and expanded leaf base in the form of a small tuber) and the ribs.
In the upper zone, the flowers are produced and in the lower part, the spheruliferous meristems. Cactus areolas develop hairs or thorns.
And how are the flowers? And the fruits?
The flowers are solitary and mostly hermaphroditic. Numerous spirally placed tepals form the perianths. The fruits are usually indehiscent, berry-shaped, and rarely dry.
Cacti are perfect for home interior decoration, especially those varieties that, due to their origin, would not survive outdoors. And not only that, but they can also be planted to be part of the exterior ornamentation.
THE MOST COMMON TYPES OF CACTUS
Cacti are the most common and popular succulent plant families of all that exists. Currently, a large number of them develop, being different from each other in terms of size, shape, stem, or flowers.
But, like many other plants with different species under their belt, some are more popular than others.
Next, we will show you the most used cactus species in garden decoration or interior ornamentation. Surely there will be a perfect cactus for your home or your garden.
LITHOPS, A CURIOUS CACTUS
We will awaken your curiosity, starting with one of the most peculiar cacti that there are today.
Lithops, also known as a stone plant or living plant, is a clear example of how a species can adapt to the environment in which it lives. As you can guess by its common name, this cactus has taken the form of stone, and the reason is none other than its goal of protecting against animals.
The Lithops develop into groups of two coupled sheets, divided in the middle by a crack. Flowers grow from this small groove, which can be of different colors. With a plant surface, these cacti can have a conical or cylindrical shape.
They bloom during the fall.
The flowers of the stone plants are nocturnal, similar to daisies (although more giant) and give off a light fragrance. Only one flower grows from each of the cacti.
They develop very well in spaces with lots of direct sunlight.
They should not be watered in summer and does not tolerate waterlogging (excess may cause rot). Let several days pass between irrigation and irrigation. When watering, be guided by the humidity of the earth and the weather conditions.
The Lithops can be grown in pots, outside its natural environment, it is recommended to place them in bowls inside the home.